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The Human Resources (HR) Department is responsible for personnel sourcing, hiring, training, skill development, benefits administration and compliance with applicable national, regional and local laws. In short, the HR Group is responsible for the attraction, training and wellbeing (to a certain extent) of its 'customers' - the employees of the company. The HR function is also sometimes referred to as "Human Capital Management" or "Talent Management".
Common Human Resources job titles: Human Resource Manager, HR Executive Officer, Human Resources Assistant
Benefits & Compensation
The Benefits and Compensation function concerns itself with employee compensation (wages, salaries, bonuses) and related benefits, such as health insurance, life insurance, 401Ks and other benefits (financial or non-financial). The group compares their company's compensation packages to those of similar firms and adjusts their packages based on those findings. The Benefits and Compensation Group sometimes also manages incentive-based compensation programs.
Common Benefits & Compensation job titles: HR Compensation Analyst, HR Benefits Analyst, Payroll & Benefits Administrator
Employee Relations (ER)
The Employee Relations function is responsible for managing the various interactions between employers and employees. They also resolve workplace disputes (from simple disciplinary matters to complex litigation) and manage relationships with temporary employees, trade associations and labor unions.
Common Employee Relations (ER) job titles: Employee & Labor Relations Specialist, HR Representative
Human Capital Management (HCM)
Human capital management (HCM) focuses on the practices and processes to manage people in an organization effectively. This function manages and makes decisions related to compensation packages, staffing levels/requirements, employee performance management and minority representation. In some cases the HCM function is also responsible for maintaining HR information systems, such as PeopleSoft, Workday, or Taleo.
Common Human Capital Management (HCM) job titles: Human Capital Management Consultant, Human Capital Management Analyst, Human Capital Management Specialist, Human Capital Management Associate
HR generalists manage the day-to-day HR activities, such as maintaining HR information system records and compiling reports from the database, developing department goals, objectives and systems, scheduling interviews and performing other, related activities as required and assigned.
Common HR Generalists job titles: HR Generalist, HR Coordinator, HR Admin
Training & Development
The Training and Development function seeks to maximize company performance by training and continuously improving the competencies of its employees. In some cases, the group may train existing employees to take over new positions. The three main focuses of the Training and Development Group are, not surprisingly, employee training (current job), education (future job) and development (continued success).
Common Training & Development job titles: Training Coordinator, HR Specialist, Training Specialist, Resource Specialist
Recruiting & Hiring
The Recruiting and Hiring function attracts, screens and selects talent for open positions within the company. They identify vacancies, develop position descriptions, formulate a strategic recruitment plan, review/screen applicants and, finally, select individuals to be hired. Upon selection of a new candidate, Recruiting and Hiring employees will provide an offer and handle any subsequent salary negotiations.
Common Recruiting & Hiring job titles: Recruiter, HR Assistant, Recruiting Specialist, Recruiting Coordinator